Yoga carves out a blueprint for our mind and, chalks down the footprints that we should follow to lead a better life. Yoga philosophy came into the picture when the scriptures were written down in Yoga Sutra of Patanjali in the 200 AD.
The guidelines given under the Patanjali Yoga Sutra are divided into two branches namely the yamas and the niyamas. They talk about our relationship with the outside world and our relationship with us.
YAMAS OF YOGA PHILOSOPHY
The yamas of yoga philosophy denotes our relationship with others. The yamas can further be broken down into five wise traits which are as follows:
- Ahimsa (Non-Violence): This word in yoga is accountable for safer and sensible attitude towards people. It teaches that no matter what, every situation demands to be tackled without causing harm.
- Satya (Commitment to Truth): This tells us that no matter what the situation is, we should always be honest with others. Our relationships are much healthier when built on the foundation of truth.
- Asteya (Non-Stealing): It tells us that we should not take what is not ours. For example, if a person is confiding with us, we should not use that information for our advantage or go on broadcasting the information. The same is applicable on objects as well. We should not take what is not ours without permission of the owner.
- Brahmacharya (Moderation): It signifies that our energy in a relationship should be diverted towards making a strong bond with the other person and, having a control on our senses and basic desires.
- Aparigraha (Non-Grasping): We should not exploit someone by being greedy. That when we are hoarding things, we have a lack of faith towards God’s plan.
NIYAMAS OF YOGA PHILOSOPHY:
Niyamas talk about the relationship that we build with ourselves. This relationship is far more intimate and personal. Following are the five niyamas of yoga philosophy:
- Sauca (Purity): This implies that we should be clean and pure from the inner and the outer aspect. Outer aspect symbolizes the cleanliness of the surface. Inner cleanliness signifies the purity of mind. Our mind should be free from all the negative emotions.
- Santosa (Modesty): It says that we should be happy and content in all spheres of life. The modesty comes from within when we believe that life is a process of constant growth. In yoga we have a word called Karma, which tells us that life has to offer loads, just be happy with what you have in the present situation.
- Tapas (Self Realization): Meaning that we have the desire, but we are not able to fulfill them because of certain obstacles. This enlightens us to channel our energy in a particular direction so that we are able to achieve our ultimate goal.
- Svadhyaya (Self Consciousness): We need to have a balance in whatever we do. We should burn down our self-destructive tendencies and live a balanced life. This balance comes when we are aware of our inner self.
- Isvarapranidhana (Connection to Spirituality): This means that we should connect to our spiritual energies and build a divine aura.
The ancient science of yoga explains that when the mind is modified without any guidelines, there is suffering. Yoga philosophy gives us the guidelines to deal with the atrocities of life. It explains that when a person becomes aware of one’s consciousness and the inner spiritual energies, we feel content and liberated.
The connection of these energies helps us in finding our highest potentials and develop the innate power of ‘buddhi’(sense of brain). It helps us in experiencing calm and serene way of life.
The philosophies of yoga dictate that ignorance leads to sufferings. Self-awareness, knowledge about our inner energies help us in gaining the liberation that eliminates the trait of ignorance. Once we are aware of our true self, we have conquered the path of eternal awareness. This way, one can never cease from being totally aware about themselves.
Yoga philosophy helps us in gaining the undefeated awareness. We build an intimate connection with our body, mind and spirit and, inculcate the learning of yoga in our lifestyle. This leads us to enlightenment and inner transformation.